Southern California Wildflowers
Haloragaceae-Orchidaceae

Brackets [ ] indicate taxa not necessarily recognized by the Jepson Manual but which I think are deserving of separate listings because they are so very different.

* Indicates introduced and naturalized species



Haloragaceae (Water-milfoil):

Myriophyllum sibiricum (Siberian milfoil)


Hydrangeaceae (Hydrangea):

Carpenteria californica (Bush anenome)*
Fendlerella utahensis (Utah fendlerbush)
Philadelphus microphyllus (Little-leaved mock orange)


Hydrocharitaceae (Waterweed):

Elodea nuttallii (Western waterweed)


Hydrophyllaceae (Waterleaf):

Emmenanthe
, now in family Boraginaceae
Eriodictyon
, now in family Boraginaceae
Eucrypta
, now in family Boraginaceae
Hesperochiron
, now in family Boraginaceae
Nama, now in family Boraginaceae
Nemophila, now in family Boraginaceae
Phacelia,
now in family Boraginaceae
Pholistoma, now in family Boraginaceae
Tricardia, now in family Boraginaceae
Turricula, now in family Boraginaceae


Hypericaceae (St. John's wort):

Hypericum
    anagalloides
(Tinker's penny)
    formosum var. scouleri, see Hypericum scouleri

    scouleri
(Scouler's St. John's wort)


Iridaceae (Iris):

Chasmanthe floribunda (South African cornflag)*
Iris
    douglasiana
(Douglas's iris)
    hartwegii ssp. australis (Hartweg's iris)
    missouriensis (Western blue flag)
    pseudacorus (Yellow flag)*
Sisyrinchium
    bellum
(Blue-eyed grass)
    elmeri (Yellow-eyed grass)
    funereum (Death Valley blue-eyed grass)
    halophilum (Nevada blue-eyed grass)
    idahoense var. occidentale (Idaho blue-eyed grass)



Isoetaceae (Quillwort):

Isoetes bolanderi (Bolander's quillwort)


Juglandaceae (Walnut):

Juglans californica (California black walnut)


Juncaceae (Rush):

Juncus
    acutus ssp. leopoldii
(Spiny rush)
    balticus (Wire rush)
    bryoides
(Moss rush)
    bufonius var. bufonius (Common toad rush)
    bufonius var. congestus (Clustered toad rush)
    bufonius var. occidentalis (Western toad rush)
    covillei
(Coville's rush)
    dubius
(Mariposa rush)
    effusus ssp. pacificus
(Pacific rush)
    macrandus
(Long-anthered rush
    macrophyllus
(Long-leaved rush)
    mexicanus
(Mexican rush)
    orthophyllus
(Straightleaf rush)
    patens
(Spreading rush)
    phaeocephalus var. paniculatus (Brown-headed rush)
    rugulosus (Wrinkled rush)
    saximontanus (Rocky Mountain rush)
    textilis (Basket rush)
    tiehmii (Tiehm's rush)
    xiphioides (Iris-leaved rush)
Luzula comosa (Hairy wood rush)


Juncaginaceae (Arrow-Grass):

Lilaea scilloides, see Triglochin scilloides
Triglochin scilloides
(Flowering quillwort)


Krameriaceae (Krameria):

Krameria
    bicolor
(White rhatany)
    erecta
(Littleleaf rhatany)

    grayi, see Krameria bicolor


Lamiaceae (Mint):

Acanthomintha
    ilicifolia
(San Diego thornmint)
    obovata ssp. cordata
(Heartleaf thornmint)
Agastache urticifolia
(Giant hyssop)
Clinopodium
    chandleri
(San Diego satureja)
    douglasii
(Yerba buena)
    mimuloides (Monkeyflower savory)
Condea emoryi
(Desert lavender)
Glechoma hederacea
(Ground ivy)*
Hedeoma nana ssp. californica
(California false pennyroyal)
Lamium amplexicaule (Henbit)*
Lepechinia
    cardiophylla
(Heartleaf pitcher sage)
    fragrans
(Fragrant pitcher sage)
Marrubium vulgare (Horehound)*
Mentha
    arvensis
(Field mint)
    Xpiperita
(Bergamot mint)*
    spicata (Spearmint)*
Monarda pectinata (Bee balm)
Monardella
    australis ssp. australis (Southern monardella)
    australis ssp. cinerea (Gray monardella)
    breweri ssp. lanceolata (Mustang mint)
    exilis (Desert pennyroyal)
    hypoleuca ssp. hypoleuca (White-leaf monardella)
    lanceolata, see Monardella breweri ssp. lanceolata
    linoides ssp. linoides (Flax-leaved monardella)
    linoides ssp. oblonga
(Tehachapi monardella)
    linoides ssp. stricta
(Narrowleaf monardella)
    linoides ssp. viminea, see Monardella viminea
    macrantha ssp. hallii
(Red monardella)
    nana
(Little monardella)
    robisonii (Rock pennyroyal)
    viminea (Willowy monardella)
Nepeta cataria (Catnip) *
Pogogyne nudiuscula (Otay Mesa mint)
Prunella vulgaris var. lanceolata
(Self-heal)
Pycnanthemum californicum (Mountain mint)
Rosmarinus officinalis (Rosemary)*
Salazaria mexicana, see Scutellaria mexicana
Salvia
    apiana
(White sage)
    brandegeei (Brandegee's sage)
    carduacea
(Thistle sage)
    clevelandii (Cleveland's sage)
    columbariae (Chia)
    dorrii var. dorrii (Blue sage)
    dorrii var. pilosa (Hairy blue sage)
    eremostachya (Desert sage)
    funerea (Death Valley sage)
    leucophylla
(Purple sage)
    mellifera (Black sage)
    munzii (Munz's sage)
    pachyphylla
(Rose sage)
    sonomensis
(Creeping sage)
    spathacea
(Crimson pitcher sage)
    vaseyi (Vasey's sage)
Satureja
    chandleri, see Clinopodium chandleri
    douglasii, see Clinopodium mimuloides
    mimuloides, see Clinopodium mimuloides

Scutellaria
    bolanderi ssp. austromontana
(Southern skullcap)
    mexicana
(Paperbag bush)
    siphocampyloides
(Grayleaf skullcap)
    tuberosa (Common skullcap)
Stachys
    albens
(White hedge-nettle)
    bullata (California hedge-nettle)
    rigida (Rigid hedge-nettle)
Trichostema
    austromontanum ssp. austromontanum
(Southern bluecurls)
    austromontanum ssp. compactum (Hidden Lake bluecurls)
    lanatum
(Woolly bluecurls)
    lanceolatum (Vinegar weed)
    micranthum (Smallflower bluecurls)

    parishii (Parish's bluecurls)


Lauraceae (Laurel):

Umbellularia californica (California bay)


Liliaceae (Lily):

Calochortus
    albus
(Fairy lantern)
    catalinae (Catalina mariposa lily)
    clavatus var. pallidus (Yellow mariposa lily)
    clavatus var. gracilis (Slender mariposa lily)
    concolor
(Golden bowl mariposa lily)
    dunnii
(Dunn's mariposa lily)
    fimbriatus (Late-flowering mariposa lily)
    flexuosus
(Winding mariposa lily)
    invenustus
(Plain mariposa lily)
    invenustus (blue form) (Plain mariposa lily)
    kennedyi var. kennedyi (Red mariposa lily)
    kennedyi var. munzii (Desert mariposa lily)
    palmeri var. munzii (Munz's mariposa lily)
    palmeri var. palmeri (Palmer's mariposa lily)
    plummerae (Plummer's mariposa lily)
    splendens (Splendid mariposa lily)
    striatus (Alkali mariposa lily)
    venustus (Butterfly mariposa lily)
    weedii var. intermedius (Weed's intermediate mariposa lily)
    weedii var. vestus, see Calochortus fimbriatus
    weedii var. weedii (Weed's mariposa lily)
Fritillaria
    biflora var. biflora
(Chocolate lily)
    ojaiensis (Ojai fritillary)
    pinetorum (Pinewoods fritillary)
    striata (Striped adobe lily)
Lilium
    humboldtii ssp. ocellatum
(Humboldt lily)
    parryi (Lemon lily)

Limnanthaceae (Meadowfoam):

Limnanthes
    alba ssp. parishii
(Parish's meadowfoam)
    gracilis ssp. parishii, see Limnanthes alba ssp. parishii


Linaceae (Flax):

Hesperolinon micranthum (Small-flowered dwarf flax)
Linum
    lewisii var. lewisii
(Western blue flax)
    puberulum
(Plains flax)
    usitatissimum
(Common flax)*


Loasaceae (Loasa):

Eucnide
    rupestris
(Annual rocknettle)
    urens
(Desert rocknettle)
Mentzelia
    affinis
(Yellow comet)
    albicaulis
(Whitestem blazing star)
    congesta
(Clustered blazing star)
    dispersa
(Bushy blazing star)
    hirsutissima
(Hairy blazing star)
    involucrata
(Sand blazing star)
    jonesii (Jones' blazing star)
    laevicaulis (Giant blazing star)
    lindleyi (Lindley's blazing star)
    longiloba
(Yerba amarilla)
    micrantha
(Stickleaf)
    montana (Mountain blazing star)
    multiflora var. longiloba, see Mentzelia longiloba
    obscura
(Pacific blazing star)
    oreophila
(Inyo blazing star)
    polita
(Polished blazing star)
    reflexa
(Reflexed blazing star)
    veatchiana
(Veatch's blazing star)
Petalonyx
    nitidus
(Shinyleaf sandpaper plant)
    thurberi ssp. thurberi
(Sandpaper plant)


Lythraceae (loosestrife):

Ammannia coccinea (Red ammannia)
Lythrum
    californicum
(California loosestrife)
    hyssopifolia (Hyssop loosestrife)


Malvaceae (Mallow):

Abutilon
    abutiloides
(Shrubby indian mallow)*
    palmeri
(Indian mallow)
Ayenia compacta (Ayenia)
Eremalche
    exilis
(White mallow)
    rotundifolia
(Desert five-spot)
Fremontodendron
    californicum
(Flannel bush)
    mexicanum (Mexican flannel bush)
Hibiscus denudatus (Rock hibiscus)
Horsfordia
    alata
(Pink velvet-mallow)
    newberryi
(Newberry's velvet-mallow)
Lavatera
    assurgentiflora, see Malva assurgentiflora

    cretica, see Malva pseudolavatera
Malacothamnus
    aboriginum
(Indian Valley bush mallow)
    clementinus
(San Clemente Island bush mallow)
    densiflorus (Yellow-stemmed bush mallow)
    fasciculatus
(Bush mallow)
    fremontii (Fremont's bush mallow)
    marrubioides (Pink-flowered bush mallow)
Malva
    assurgentiflora
(Island mallow)
    neglecta
(Common mallow)*
    nicaeensis
(Bull mallow)*
    parviflora (Cheeseweed)*
    pseudolavatera (Cretan mallow)*
Malvella leprosa (Alkali mallow)
Sidalcea
    malviflora ssp. dolosa
(Dwarf checkerbloom)
    malviflora ssp. malviflora
(Island checkerbloom)
    malviflora ssp. sparsifolia, see Sidalcea sparsifolia
    pedata (Big Bear checkerbloom)
    sparsifolia (Few-leaved checkerbloom)
Sphaeralcea
    ambigua var. ambigua
(Apricot mallow)
    ambigua var. rosacea (Rosy apricot mallow)
    ambigua var. rugosa (Desert globemallow)
    coulteri (Coulter's globemallow)
    rusbyi var. eremicola (Rusby's desert mallow)


Marsileaceae (Marsilea):

Marsilea vestita ssp. vestita (Clover fern)


Martyniaceae (Unicorn-Plant):

Proboscidea althaeifolia (Desert unicorn plant)


Melanthiaceae (Trillium):

Toxicoscordion
    brevibracteatum
(Desert zygadene)
    fremontii (Star lily)
    venenosum var. venenosum (Death camas)

Veratrum californicum var. californicum (Corn lily)
Zigadenus
    brevibracteatus, see Toxicoscordion brevibracteatum
    fremontii, see Toxicoscordion fremontii
    venenosus var. venenosus, see Toxicoscordion venenosum var. venenosum



Molluginaceae (Carpet-weed):

Mollugo cerviana (Threadstem carpet-weed)*


Montiaceae (Miner's lettuce):

Calandrinia
    ambigua, see Cistanthe ambigua
    breweri
(Brewer's red maids)
    maritima, see Cistanthe maritima
    menziesii
(Red maids)
Calyptridium
    monandrum
(Sand cress)
    monospermum (One-seeded pussypaws)
    parryi var. parryi (Parry's pussypaws)
    pygmaeum (Pygmy pussypaws)
    umbellatum (Pussypaws)
Cistanthe
    ambigua (Desert pot-herb)
    maritima (Seaside red maids)
Claytonia
    exigua ssp. exigua
(Little spring beauty)
    parviflora ssp. parviflora
(Narrow-leaf miner's lettuce)
    parviflora ssp. viridis (Green miner's lettuce)
    peirsonii ssp. peirsonii (Peirson's spring beauty)
    perfoliata ssp. mexicana (Southern miner's lettuce)
    perfoliata ssp. perfoliata
(Miner's lettuce)
    rubra ssp. rubra (Redstem spring beauty)
Lewisia
    nevadensis
(Sierra lewisia)
    pygmaea (Dwarf lewisia)
    rediviva var. minor
(Bitterroot)
Montia
    chamissoi
(Toad lily)
    fontana (Water chickweed)


Moraceae (Mulberry):

Ficus carica (Edible fig)*


Myricaceae (Wax-Myrtle):

Morella californica (California wax-myrtle)

Myrica californica, see Morella californica


Myrsinaceae (Myrsine):

Anagallis
    arvensis
(Scarlet pimpernel)*

    minima (Common chaffweed)
Centunculus minimus, see Anagallis minima


Myrtaceae ( Myrtle):

Eucalyptus globulus (Blue gum)*


Nyctaginaceae (Four O'clock):

Abronia
    maritima
(Red sand verbena)
    nana var. covillei
(Coville's dwarf abronia)
    pogonantha (Mojave sand verbena)
    turbinata
(White sand verbena)
    umbellata var. umbellata
(Pink sand verbena)
    villosa var. aurita (Desert sand verbena)
    villosa var. villosa (Desert sand verbena)
Allionia
    incarnata var. incarnata
(Trailing windmills)
    incarnata var. villosa
(Hairy windmills)
Anulocaulis annulatus
(Sticky ringstem)
Boerhavia
    coccinea
(Scarlet spiderling)
    coulteri var. palmeri (Coulter's spiderling)
    intermedia, see Boerhavia triquetra var. intermedia
    triquetra var. intermedia (Slender spiderling)
    wrightii (Wright's spiderling)
Mirabilis
    albida (Dwarf four o'clock)
    bigelovii var. bigelovii, see Mirabilis laevis var. villosa
    bigelovii var. retrorsa, see Mirabilis laevis var. retrorsa
    coccinea (Red four o'clock)
    jalapa var. jalapa (Cultivated four o'clock)*
    laevis var. crassifolia (Wishbone bush)
    laevis var. retrorsa (Retrorse desert four o'clock)
    laevis var. villosa (Bigelow's desert four o'clock)
    multiflora var. pubescens (Giant four o'clock)

    pumila, see Mirabilis albida
    tenuiloba (Slender-lobed four o'clock)


Oleaceae (Olive):

Forestiera pubescens (Desert olive)
Fraxinus
    dipetala
(California ash)
    velutina
(Velvet ash)
Menodora
    scabra
(Rough menodora)
    spinescens
(Spiny menodora)


Onagraceae (Evening primrose):

Camissonia
    bistorta, see Camissoniopsis bistorta

    boothii ssp. condensata, see Eremothera boothii ssp. condensata
    boothii ssp. decorticans, see Eremothera boothii ssp. decorticans
    boothii ssp. desertorum, see Eremothera boothii ssp. desertorum
    boothii ssp. intermedia, see Eremothera boothii ssp. intermedia
    brevipes ssp. brevipes, see Chylismia brevipes ssp. brevipes
    californica, see Eulobus californicus

    campestris ssp. campestris (Mojave sun cup)
    cardiophylla ssp. cardiophylla, see Chylismia cardiophylla ssp. cardiophylla
    cheiranthifolia ssp. cheiranthifolia, see Camissoniopsis cheiranthifolia ssp. cheiranthifolia
    cheiranthifolia ssp. suffruticosa, see Camissoniopsis cheiranthifolia ssp. suffruticosa
    claviformis ssp. aurantiaca, see Chylismia claviformis ssp. aurantiaca
    claviformis ssp. claviformis, see Chylismia claviformis ssp. claviformis
    claviformis ssp. funerea, see Chylismia claviformis ssp. funerea
    claviformis ssp. lancifolia, see Chylismia claviformis ssp. lancifolia
    claviformis ssp. peirsonii, see Chylismia claviformis ssp. peirsonii
    confusa, see Camissoniopsis confusa
    hirtella, see Camissoniopsis hirtella
    intermedia, see Camissoniopsis intermedia
    kernensis ssp. gilmanii
(Kern sun cup)
    micrantha, see Camissoniopsis micrantha
    pallida ssp. pallida, see Camissoniopsis pallida ssp. pallida
    palmeri, see Tetrapteron palmeri
    pterosperma, see Chylismiella pterosperma

    pusilla
(Little wiry sun cup)
    refracta, see Eremothera refracta
    robusta, see Camissoniopsis robusta

    strigulosa (Strigose sun cup)
    walkeri ssp. tortilis, see Chylisma walkeri ssp. tortilis
Camissoniopsis
    bistorta
(Sun cup)
    cheiranthifolia ssp. cheiranthifolia
(Channel Islands beach primrose)
    cheiranthifolia ssp. suffruticosa
(Beach primrose)
    confusa (San Bernardino sun cup)
    hirtella (Hairy sun cup)
    ignota (Jurupa Hills sun cup)
    intermedia (Intermediate sun cup)
    micrantha (Small evening primrose)
    pallida ssp. pallida (Pale primrose)
    robusta (Robust sun cup)
Chamerion angustifolium ssp. circumvagum
(Fireweed)
Chylismia
 
    brevipes ssp. brevipes
(Yellow cups)
    cardiophyla ssp. cardiophylla (Heartleaf sun cup)
    cardiophylla ssp. robusta
(Robust heartleaf sun cup)
    claviformis ssp. aurantiaca (Browneyes)
    claviformis ssp. claviformis (Mojave brown-eyed primrose)
    claviformis ssp. funerea (Death Valley brown-eyed primrose)
    claviformis ssp. lancifolia
(Lanceleaf browneyes)
    claviformis ssp. peirsonii
(Peirson's brown-eyed primrose)
    walkeri ssp. tortilis
(Walker's sun cup)
Chylismiella
pterosperma (Wingfruit sun cup)
Clarkia
    bottae
(Farewell-to-spring)
    cylindrica ssp. clavicarpa (Club-fruited speckled clarkia)
    cylindrica ssp. cylindrica (Speckled clarkia)
    dudleyana (Dudley's clarkia)
    epilobioides (Canyon clarkia)
    heterandra (Mountain clarkia)
    purpurea ssp. quadrivulnera (Purple clarkia)
    rhomboidea (Diamond-petalled clarkia)
    similis (Ramona clarkia)
    speciosa ssp. polyantha (Red spot clarkia)
    unguiculata (Elegant clarkia)
    xantiana ssp. xantiana (Gunsight fairyfan)
Epilobium
    angustifolium ssp. circumvagum, see Chamerion angustifolium ssp. circumvagum
    brachycarpum (Field willow-herb)
    campestre (Smooth boisduvalia)
    canum ssp. canum (Hoary fuchsia)
    canum ssp. latifolium (California fuchsia)
    ciliatum ssp. ciliatum (Willow-herb)
    ciliatum ssp. glandulosum (Glandular willow-herb)
    densiflorum (Spike primrose)
    glaberrimum ssp. glaberrimum (Smooth willow-herb)
    hallianum (Hall's willow-herb)
    lactiflorum (Milkflower willow-herb)
    oregonense (Oregon willow-herb)
    pygmaeum, see Epilobium campestre
Eremothera
    boothii ssp. condensata (Booth's clustered evening primrose)
    boothii ssp. decorticans
(Booth's shredding evening primrose)
    boothii ssp. desertorum
(Booth's desert evening primrose)
    boothii ssp. intermedia
(Booth's intermediate evening primrose)
    chamaenerioides
(Longfruit sun cup)
    refracta (Narrow-leaf suncup)
Eulobus californicus
(California sun cup)
Gaura
    coccinea, see Oenothera suffrutescens
    sinuata, see Oenothera sinuosa
Gayophytum
    diffusum ssp. parviflorum
(Small-flowered groundsmoke)
    heterozygum (Zig-zag groundsmoke)
    oligospermum (Pinegrove groundsmoke)
Ludwigia peploides (Yellow water-weed)
Oenothera
    cespitosa ssp. marginata (Tufted evening primrose)
    californica ssp. avita
(Desert evening primrose)
    californica ssp. californica
(California evening primrose)
    californica ssp. eurekensis (Eureka Dunes evening primrose)
    cavernae
(Cave evening primrose)
    deltoides ssp. deltoides
(Dune primrose)
    elata ssp. hirsutissima (Hairy evening primrose)
    elata ssp. hookeri (Hooker's evening primrose)
    primiveris ssp. bufonis (Large yellow primrose)
    rosea (Rose evening primrose)*
    sinuosa (Wavyleaf bee blossom)*
    suffrutescens (Scarlet gaura)
Tetrapteron palmeri (Palmer's sun cup)


Ophioglossaceae (Adder's-tongue):

Botrychium crenulatum (Scalloped moonwort)
Ophioglossum californicum
(California adder's-tongue)


Orchidaceae (Orchid):

Corallorhiza maculata (Spotted coralroot)
Epipactis gigantea
(Stream orchid)
Listera convallarioides (Twayblade)
Piperia
    cooperi
(Rein orchid)
    elongata (Dense-flowered rein orchid)
    transversa (Royal rein orchid)
    unalascensis
(Alaska rein orchid)
Platanthera
    dilatata var. leucostachys
(White-flowered bog orchid)
    leucostachys, see Platanthera dilatata var. leucostachys
    sparsiflora (Sparse-flowered bog orchid)


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