WILDFLOWERS OF
SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
CALIFORNIA
PLANT NAMES
FIELD TRIP
PHOTO GALLERIES
EPONYM DICTIONARY OF
SOUTHERN AFRICAN PLANTS


FLOWERING PLANTS OF TABLE MOUNTAIN,
SAN GABRIEL MOUNTAINS

Photographs by Michael Charters





The peaks and ridges of Table Mountain loom over the quiet community of Wrightwood at the east end of the Angeles Crest Highway, with views north to the flat expanse of the Antelope Valley and south to the adjacent Blue Ridge. It rises just west of the line between Los Angeles and San Bernardino Counties. From the higher points the visitor can enjoy the mighty bulk of Mt. Baden-Powell in all its glory. There is a lovely campground on the north flank of the mountain, a frisbee golf course, and a ski area originally called Table Mountain Ski Area which opened in 1938. It became Ski Sunrise in 1975 and was sold in 2004 to the company that owns and operates the main Mountain High Ski Resort on the south side of the Angeles Crest Highway. Near the higher of the two peaks of Table Mountain there is an observatory originally operated by the Smithsonian Institution but since 1962 by JPL. There is a 40-inch telescope there that was built by and is operated by Pomona College. The elevation of the two peaks is 7,516' and 7,473'. The lower peak, East Peak, has a telecommunications facility on it. Just five days after our last visit on August 7, 2015, the lightning-caused Pines fire forced the evacuation of the Observatory and burned at least part of the area we had just botanized along the 4N21 road. This gallery reflects the botanical investigations of Tom Chester, Adrienne Ballwey, James Dillane, RT and Shaun Hawke, Jane Tirrell, Nancy Accola, Keir Morse and yours truly which took place over ten visits.

With Tom Chester's permission, I am including here the introduction from his Flora of Table Mountain:
"Table Mountain is an unusual place in the San Gabriel Mountains, since it is a high-elevation terrain on the other side of the San Andreas Fault from the rest of the San Gabriel Mountains. Most of the San Gabriel Mountains belongs to the Pacific plate, consisting of highly-fractured plutonic and metamorphic bedrock transported on the southwest side of the San Andreas Fault from roughly the Salton Sea area, over one hundred miles to the southeast of its current location. In contrast, Table Mountain is a piece of the Mojave Desert province of the North American Plate that has been mostly uplifted in place by vertical movement along the San Andreas Fault, making it similar in origin to the northern part of the San Bernardino Mountains that are also on the north side of the San Andreas Fault. In fact, recent evidence shows that the exposed Holcomb Ridge-Table Mountain rocks were formerly south of the same rocks in the western San Bernardino Mountains that are about 17 miles to the east, that were displaced along the Cajon Valley Fault prior to the presence of the San Andreas Fault in this area. Table Mountain consists of plutonic rocks and gneiss that includes some carbonate rocks that support some plant species not found elsewhere in the San Gabriel Mountains, or have a very limited distribution elsewhere in the San Gabriels."

An asterisk next to the common name indicates a non-native taxon.



Abies
 
White fir
Abies concolor
Pinaceae


Acanthoscyphus
     
Parish's oxytheca
Acanthoscyphus parishii var. parishii
Polygonaceae

June-September


Acmispon
 
Davidson's lotus
Acmispon nevadensis var. davidsonii
Fabaceae

May-August

   
Silky deerweed, Silky lotus
Acmispon procumbens var. procumbens
Fabaceae
April-June


Agoseris
     
Spearleaf mountain dandelion
Agoseris retrorsa
Asteraceae

May-August


Allium
 
Burlew's onion
Allium burlewii
Alliaceae

May-July


Ambrosia
   
Annual bur-sage
Ambrosia acanthicarpa
Asteraceae

August-November


Amelanchier
     
Utah serviceberry
Amelanchier utahensis
Rosaceae

April-May


Antennaria
   
Low pussytoes
Antennaria dimorpha
Asteraceae

April-July


Aphyllon
 
California broom-rape
Aphyllon californicum ssp. feudgei
Orobanchaceae
May-July

   
Clustered broom-rape
Aphyllon fasciculatum
Orobanchaceae
April-July
[Growing in mats of Wright's buckwheat, Eriogonum wrightii]


Apocynum
   
Spreading dogbane
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Apocynaceae

June-August


Arceuthobium
 
Pine dwarf mistletoe
Arceuthobium campylopodum
Viscaceae

August-November


Arctostaphylos
   
Parry's manzanita
Arctostaphylos parryana var. parryana
Ericaceae

March-May

   
Greenleaf manzanita
Arctostaphylos patula
Ericaceae

May-June


Argemone
 
Chicalote
Argemone munita
Papaveraceae

June-August


Artemisia
   
Wild tarragon
Artemisia dracunculus
Asteraceae

August-October

   
Mountain mugwort
Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. incompta
Asteraceae

July-September

 
Big sagebrush
Artemisia tridentata
Asteraceae

August-November


Asclepias
   
California milkweed
Asclepias californica
Apocynaceae

April-July


Astragalus
     
Crested milkvetch
Astragalus bicristatus
Fabaceae

May-August

     
Douglas' milkvetch
Astragalus douglasii var. douglasii
Fabaceae

April-July

     
Bear Valley woollypod
Astragalus leucolobus
Fabaceae

May-July


Boechera
 
Yosemite rock-cress
Boechera repanda
Brassicaceae

June-August


Bromus
   
Mountain brome
Bromus sitchensis var. marginatus
Poaceae
May-July

   
Cheatgrass *
Bromus tectorum
Poaceae

May-June


Calocedrus
 
Incense-cedar
Calocedrus decurrens
Cupressaceae

April-May


Calochortus
     
Plain mariposa lily
Calochortus invenustus
Liliaceae

May-August


Calyptridium
 
One-seeded pussypaws
Calyptridium monospermum
Montiaceae

May-October


Calystegia
 
Western morning glory
Calystegia occidentalis ssp. fulcrata
Convolvulaceae
May-August


Camissoniopsis
     
San Bernardino sun cup
Camissoniopsis confusa
Onagraceae

March-May


Castilleja
 
Martin's paintbrush
Castilleja applegatei var. martinii
Orobanchaceae

May-September


Caulanthus
   
Slender wild cabbage
Caulanthus major
Brassicaceae

May-July


Ceanothus
   
Mountain whitethorn
Ceanothus cordulatus
Rhamnaceae

May-July

     
Mojave ceanothus
Ceanothus pauciflorus
Rhamnaceae
May-June


Cercocarpus
 
Curl-leaf mountain mahogany
Cercocarpus ledifolius var. intermontanus
Rosaceae
April-May


Chaenactis
 
Santolina pincushion
Chaenactis santolinoides
Asteraceae

June-July

   
Birch-leaf mountain mahogany
Cercocarpus betuloides var. betuloides
Rosaceae

March-April


Chenopodium
 
Forest goosefoot
Chenopodium atrovirens
Chenopodiaceae

July-December

 
Fremont's goosefoot
Chenopodium fremontii
Chenopodiaceae

June-October


Cirsium
   
California thistle
Cirsium occidentale var. californicum
Asteraceae

April-July


Claytonia
   
Redstem spring beauty
Claytonia rubra ssp. rubra
Montiaceae

April-July


Clematis
 
Virgin's bower
Clematis ligusticifolia
Ranunculaceae

June-September


Collinsia
 
Wright's collinsia
Collinsia torreyi var. wrightii
Plantaginaceae

June-August


Cordylanthus
 
Nevin's bird's beak
Cordylanthus nevinii
Orobanchaceae

July-September


Corethrogyne
     
California-aster
Corethrogyne filaginifolia
Asteraceae

June-December


Cryptantha
 
Jones' cryptantha
Cryptantha muricata var. jonesii
Boraginaceae

March-June

 
Prickly-nut cryptantha
Cryptantha muricata var. denticulata
Boraginaceae

April-August


Cuscuta
 
California dodder
Cuscuta californica var. californica
Cuscutaceae

May-July


Delphinium
   
Desert larkspur
Delphinium parishii var. parishii
Ranunculaceae

April-June


Descurainia
 
Western tansy-mustard
Descurainia pinnata
Brassicaceae

March-July


Dieteria
     
Hoary-aster
Dieteria canescens var. canescens
Asteraceae

July-October


Drymocallis
   
Single-toothed sticky cinquefoil
Drymocallis glandulosa var. viscida
Rosaceae

May-August


Elymus
 
Squirreltail
Elymus elymoides
Poaceae

April-August

 
Blue wild rye
Elymus glaucus ssp. glaucus
Poaceae

June-August

 
Intermediate wheat grass *
Elymus hispidus
Poaceae
June-August


Emmenanthe
 
Whispering bells
Emmenanthe penduliflora var. penduliflora
Boraginaceae

April-July


Ephedra
   
Green ephedra
Ephedra viridis
Ephedraceae

April-June


Epilobium
 
California fuchsia
Epilobium canum ssp. latifolium
Onagraceae

August-September


Eremogone
     
Forest camp sandwort
Eremogone macradenia var. arcuifolia
Caryophyllaceae
June-July


Eriastrum
   
Southern mountain woolstar
Eriastrum densifolium ssp. austromontanum
Polemoniaceae
May-September

 
Shaggy-flowered woolstar
Eriastrum sapphirinum ssp. dasyanthum
Polemoniaceae

May-August


Ericameria
 
Interior goldenbush
Ericameria linearifolia
Asteraceae

March-May

   
San Bernardino rubber rabbitbrush
Ericameria nauseosa var. bernardina
Asteraceae

August-October

   
Threadleaf rubber rabbitbrush
Ericameria nauseosa var. oreophila
Asteraceae
August-October


Erigeron
 
Leafy daisy, Leafy fleabane
Erigeron foliosus var. foliosus
Asteraceae

May-August


Eriodictyon
 
Poodle-dog bush
Eriodictyon parryi
Boraginaceae

June-August

   
Hairy yerba santa
Eriodictyon trichocalyx var. trichocalyx
Boraginaceae

May-August


Eriogonum
 
Davidson's buckwheat
Eriogonum davidsonii
Polygonaceae

June-September

 
California wild buckwheat
Eriogonum fasciculatum var. polifolium
Polygonaceae

April-November

     
Johnston's buckwheat
Eriogonum microtheca var. johnstonii
Polygonaceae
July-September

   
Few-flowered naked buckwheat
Eriogonum nudum var. pauciflorum
Polygonaceae

August-October

     
Parish's buckwheat
Eriogonum parishii
Polygonaceae

July-September

 
Rock buckwheat
Eriogonum saxatile
Polygonaceae

May-July

   
Munz's buckwheat
Eriogonum umbellatum var. munzii
Polygonaceae

June-September

   
Wright's buckwheat
Eriogonum wrightii var. subscaposum
Polygonaceae
July-October


Eriophyllum
 
Golden yarrow
Eriophyllum confertiflorum var. confertiflorum
Asteraceae

March-August


Erysimum
   
Western wallflower
Erysimum capitatum var. capitatum
Brassicaceae

March-July


Erythranthe
 
Scarlet monkeyflower
Erythranthe cardinalis
Phrymaceae
April-October


Euphorbia
   
Woodland spurge
Euphorbia lurida
Euphorbiaceae

April-July


Frangula
   
Coffeeberry
Frangula californica
Rhamnaceae
May-July


Frasera
   
Pine green-gentian
Frasera neglecta
Gentianaceae

May-July


Fremontodendron
     
Flannel bush
Fremontodendron californicum
Malvaceae

May-June


Galium
   
Johnston's bedstraw
Galium johnstonii
Rubiaceae

May-August

   
Parish's bedstraw
Galium parishii
Rubiaceae

June-August


Gayophytum
 
Zig-zag groundsmoke
Gayophytum heterozygum
Onagraceae

June-August

 
Pinegrove groundsmoke
Gayophytum oligospermum
Onagraceae

May-August


Gilia
   
Modoc gilia
Gilia modocensis
Polemoniaceae

April-June

     
San Gabriel Mountains gilia
Gilia ochroleuca ssp. vivida
Polemoniaceae

April-June


Gutierrezia
   
Sticky snakeweed
Gutierrezia microcephala
Asteraceae

July-October


Hesperoyucca
 
Chaparral yucca
Hesperoyucca whipplei
Agavaceae

April-June


Hosackia
   
Broad-leaved lotus
Hosackia crassifolia var. crassifolia
Fabaceae

May-August


Lactuca
 
Prickly lettuce *
Lactuca serriola
Asteraceae

May-September


Lepidium
   
Wild pepper-grass
Lepidium virginicum
Brassicaceae

March-September


Leptosiphon
 
Mojave linanthus
Leptosiphon breviculus
Polemoniaceae

May-August


Lessingia
   
Sticky lessingia
Lessingia glandulifera var. glandulifera
Asteraceae

May-November


Linanthus
 
San Gabriel linanthus
Linanthus concinnus
Polemoniaceae

May-July

 
Mountain prickly phlox
Linanthus pungens
Polemoniaceae

April-July


Lomatium
   
Parish's lomatium
Lomatium nevadense var. parishii
Apiaceae

April-July


Lupinus
     
Southern mountain lupine
Lupinus excubitus var. austromontanus
Fabaceae

May-July

   
Summer lupine
Lupinus formosus var. formosus
Fabaceae

April-August

   
Broad-leaved lupine
Lupinus latifolius
Fabaceae

April-July


Malacothamnus
   
Fremont's bush mallow
Malacothamnus fremontii
Malvaceae

June-October


Melilotus
   
White sweetclover *
Melilotus albus
Fabaceae

May-September


Mentzelia
 
Clustered blazing star
Mentzelia congesta
Loasaceae

May-July

 
Mountain blazing star
Mentzelia montana
Loasaceae

May-July


Monardella
   
Narrowleaf monardella
Monardella linoides ssp. stricta
Lamiaceae

June-July


Opuntia
 
Short-joint beavertail cactus
Opuntia basilaris var. brachyclada
Cactaceae

May-June

 
Desert prickly-pear
Opuntia phaecantha
Cactaceae

May-June


Packera
     
Tehachapi ragwort
Packera ionophylla
Asteraceae

June-July


Pedicularis
 
Pine lousewort
Pedicularis semibarbata
Orobanchaceae

May-June


Penstemon
 
Scarlet bugler
Penstemon centranthifolius
Plantaginaceae

April-July

 
Grinnell's penstemon
Penstemon grinnellii var. grinnellii
Plantaginaceae

May-August

   
San Gabriel beardtongue
Penstemon labrosus
Plantaginaceae

July-August

   
Beaked penstemon
Penstemon rostriflorus
Plantaginaceae

June-August

     
Royal penstemon
Penstemon speciosus
Plantaginaceae
May-July


   
Davidson's phacelia
Phacelia davidsonii
Boraginaceae
April-June

   
Common phacelia
Phacelia distans
Boraginaceae

March-June

Phacelia
 
Fremont's phacelia
Phacelia fremontii
Boraginaceae

March-May

     
Imbricate phacelia
Phacelia imbricata
Boraginaceae

April-August
[The plants in this area are an impure form with characteristics of both ssp. imbricata and ssp. patula]


Phlox
     
Spreading phlox
Phlox diffusa
Polemoniaceae

May-August


Phoradendron
 
Bolle's mistletoe, Fir mistletoe
Phoradendron bolleanum
Viscaceae

June-August

 
Oak mistletoe
Phoradendron leucarpum ssp. tomentosum
Viscaceae

July-September


Pinus
 
Jeffrey pine
Pinus jeffreyi
Pinaceae

   
Sugar pine
Pinus lambertiana
Pinaceae

 
Singleleaf pinyon pine
Pinus monophylla
Pinaceae


Pleiacanthus
 
Thorny skeleton-plant
Pleiacanthus spinosus
Asteraceae

July-September


Poa
 
One-sided bluegrass
Poa secunda ssp. secunda
Poaceae

February-August


Polygonum
   
Common knotweed *
Polygonum aviculare ssp. depressum
Polygonaceae
May-November


Prunus
   
Desert almond
Prunus fasciculata var. fasciculata
Rosaceae

March-May


Purshia
 
Desert bitterbrush
Purshia tridentata var. glandulosa
Rosaceae

April-June


Quercus
   
Canyon live oak
Quercus chrysolepis
Fagaceae

April-May

 
California black oak
Quercus kelloggii
Fagaceae

April-May


Rhus
 
Skunkbrush, Basketbush
Rhus aromatica
Anacardiaceae

March-April


Ribes
   
Wax currant
Ribes cereum var. cereum
Grossulariaceae

June-July

 
Mountain pink currant
Ribes nevadense
Grossulariaceae

May-July


Rosa
   
Interior rose, Wood's rose
Rosa woodsii ssp. gratissima
Rosaceae
May-August


Salix
 
Arroyo willow
Salix lasiolepis
Salicaceae

February-April


Saltugilia
   
Splendid woodland-gilia
Saltugilia splendens ssp. splendens
Polemoniaceae

May-July


Sarcodes
 
Snow plant
Sarcodes sanguinea
Ericaceae

May-July


Silene
   
White catchfly
Silene verecunda
Caryophyllaceae

June-August


Sisymbrium
   
Tumble mustard *
Sisymbrium altissimum
Brassicaceae

May-July


Solanum
 
Purple nightshade
Solanum xanti
Solanaceae

February-June


Solidago
 
Western goldenrod
Solidago velutina ssp. californica
Asteraceae

July-October


Stachys
   
White hedge-nettle
Stachys albens
Lamiaceae

May-October


Stephanomeria
   
Whiteplume wirelettuce
Stephanomeria exigua ssp. coronaria
Asteraceae

May-September


Stipa
   
Indian ricegrass
Stipa hymenoides
Poaceae

April-July

 
Parish's needlegrass
Stipa parishii var. parishii
Poaceae

May-August


Symphoricarpos
   
Mountain snowberry
Symphoricarpos rotundifolius var. parishii
Caprifoliaceae

June-August


Tauschia
   
Parish's tauschia
Tauschia parishii
Apiaceae

May-July


Tetradymia
   
Spineless horsebrush
Tetradymia canescens
Asteraceae

July-August

Copyright @ 2015-2020 by Michael L. Charters.
The photographs contained in this website may not be reproduced without the express consent of the author.