Plant List for Fish Canyon

The following list has been compiled by Dan Simpson and Michael Charters based on their personal observations on many visits, and supplemented by the work done as mentioned below by Scott White and Pam DeVries. This list will be added to as further species are located. Photographs in Fish Canyon were taken on 5/7/05, 6/9/05, 5/10/13, 2/23/15, 2/27/15, 3/3/15, 3/13/15, 3/19/15, 3/23/15 and 3/30/15.

Click HERE for the Fish Canyon Photo gallery

Plant list updated 4/22/15


Listed in alphabetic order by common name
(Names followed by V were vouchered May 18, 2000 by Scott White and Pam DeVries)
{Names followed by ? are uncertain id’s by me)

*African cornflag (Chasmanthe floribunda)
*American agave (Agave americana)
*Annual bedstraw (Galium aparine)
*Australian brass-buttons (Cotula australis) (V)
Baby blue eyes (Nemophila menziesii var. menziesii)
*Bermuda buttercup (Oxalis pes-caprae)
Bigcone spruce (Pseudotsuga macrocarpa)
Bigelow’s spike-moss (Selaginella bigelovii)
Bigleaf maple (Acer macrophyllum)
Bittercress (Cardamine oligosperma)
*Black medick (Medicago lupulina)
Black sage (Salvia mellifera)
Blue dicks (Dichelostemma capitatum ssp. capitatum)
Bolander’s woodland star (Lithophragma bolanderi)
*Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea sp.) (NEEDS CONFIRMATION)
Branching phacelia (Phacelia ramosissima)
Brittlebush (Encelia farinosa)
*Bur-chervil (Anthriscus caucalis)
Bush mallow (Malacothamnus fasciculatus)
Bush or sticky monkeyflower (Mimulus aurantiacus var. ?)
California ash (Fraxinus dipetala)
California-aster (Corethrogyne filaginifolia)
California bay (Umbellaria californica)
California brickellbush (Brickellia californica)
California chicory (Rafinesquia californica)
California everlasting (Pseudognaphalium californicum)
California goldenrod (Solidago velutina ssp. californica) (~)
California lace fern (Aspidotis californica)
California polypody (Polypodium californicum)
California poppy (Eschscholzia californica)
California sagebrush (Artemisia californica)
California saxifrage (Micranthes californicum)
California thistle (Cirsium occidentale var. californicum)
Canyon dodder (Cuscuta subinclusa)
Canyon live oak (Quercus chrysolepis)
Canyon sweet pea (Lathyrus vestitus var. vestitus)
Canterbury bells (Phacelia minor)
*Cape-ivy (Delairea odorata)
*Castor bean (Ricinus communis)
Caterpillar phacelia (Phacelia cicutaria var. hispida)
Chamise (Adenostoma fasciculatum var. fasciculatum)
Chaparral currant (Ribes malvaceum var. viridifolium)
Chaparral yucca (Hesperoyucca whipplei)
*Chickweed (Stellaria media)
Chicory-leaved stephanomeria (Stephanomeria cichoriacea)
Climbing milkweed (Funastrum cynanchoides var. hartwegii)
Coast live oak (Quercus agrifolia var. agrifolia)
Coastal lotus (Acmispon maritimus var. maritimus)
Coastal wood fern (Dryopteris arguta)
Coffeeberry (Frangula californica var. californica) 
Coffee fern (Pellaea andromedifolia)
Collar lupine (Lupinus truncatus)
*Common beggar-ticks (Bidens pilosa)
Common deerweed (Acmispon glaber var. glaber)
Common eucrypta (Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia var. chrysanthemifolia)
*Common groundsel (Senecio vulgaris)
Common sunflower (Helianthus anuus)
Creek monkeyflower (Mimulus guttatus)
Dudley’s clarkia (Clarkia dudleyana) (V)
*Edible fig (Ficus carica)
Elegant clarkia (Clarkia unguiculata)
Fairy lantern (Calochortus albus)
Farewell-to-spring (Clarkia bottae)
Feltleaf everlasting (Pseudognaphalium microcephalum)
*Field hedge parsley (Torilis arvensis)
Foothill penstemon (Penstemon heterophyllus)
*Fountain grass (Pennisetum setaceum)
Fringe-pod (Thysanocarpus curvipes)
Giant blazing star (Mentzelia laevicaulis)
Giant stipa (Stipa coronata)
Globe gilia (Gilia capitata ssp. abrotanifolia)
Goldback fern (Pentagramma triangularis ssp. triangularis)
Golden stars (Bloomeria crocea var. crocea)
*Goldentop grass (Lamarckia aurea)
Golden yarrow (Eriophyllum confertiflorum  var. confertiflorum)
Goodding’s black willow (Salix gooddingii)
Hairy bush monkeyflower (Mimulus aurantiacus var. pubescens)
Hairy ceanothus (Ceanothus oliganthus var. oliganthus)
Heartleaf penstemon (Keckiella cordifolia)
*Hedge mustard (Sisymbrium officinale)
Hillside gooseberry (Ribes californicum var. hesperium)
*Himalaya-berry (Rubus armeniacus)
Hoary fuchsia (Epilobium canum ssp. canum)
Hollyleaf cherry (Prunus ilicifolia ssp. ilicifolia)
Hollyleaf redberry (Rhamnus ilicifolia)
Humboldt lily (Lilium humboldtii)
Indian milkweed (Asclepias eriocarpa)
*Italian thistle (Carduus pycnocephalus)
*Jade (Crassula ovata)
*Ladder brake (Pteris vittata)
Lanceleaf dudleya (Dudleya lanceolata)
Large-flowered cryptantha (Cryptantha intermedia)
Large-flowered phacelia (Phacelia grandiflora)
Laurel sumac (Malosma laurina)
Leafy buckwheat (Eriogonum fasciculatum var. foliolosum)
Lemonadeberry (Rhus integrifolia)
Longstalk phacelia (Phacelia longipes)
Longstem buckwheat (Eriogonum elongatum var. elongatum)
Low canyon dudleya (Dudleya cymosa ssp. pumila)
Maidenhair fern (Adiantum capillus-veneris)
Matilija poppy (Romneya coulteri)
Mexican elderberry (Sambucus nigra ssp. caerulea)
Mexican pink (Silene laciniata ssp. laciniata)
Milkmaids (Cardamine californica)
Miner’s lettuce (Claytonia perfoliata ssp. ?)
Mountain mahogany (Cercocarpus betuloides var. betuloides)
Mugwort (Artemisia douglasiana)
Mulefat (Baccharis salicifolia)
Mustard evening primrose [aka California suncup] (Eulobus californicus)
Narrow-leaved bedstraw (Galium angustifolium)
*Oleander (Nerium oleander)
*Oriental mustard (Sisymbrium orientale)
Ornamental yucca
Peninsular onion (Allium peninsulare var. peninsulare)
*Periwinkle (Vinca major)
*Peruvian pepper (Schinus molle)
*Petty spurge (Euphorbia peplus)
Pipestems (Clematis lasiantha)
Plummer’s mariposa lily (Calochortus plummerae)
Poison oak (Toxicodendron diversilobum)
*Prickly lettuce (Lactuca serriola)
Purple nightshade (Solanum xanti)
*Red brome (Bromus madritensis ssp. rubens) (?)
Red-gland spurge (Chamaesyce melanadenia)
*Redstem filaree (Erodium cicutarium)
*Ripgut brome (Bromus diandrus)
*Rough cat's ear (Hypochaeris radicata)
Sacapellote (Acourtia microcephala)
Sacred datura (Datura wrightii)
San Gabriel mountains dudleya (Dudleya densiflora)
San Gabriel river dudleya (Dudleya cymosa ssp. crebrifolia) (V)
Sapphire woolstar (Eriastrum sapphirinum)
Scarlet larkspur (Delphinium cardinale)
Scarlet monkeyflower (Mimulus cardinalis)
Scrub oak (sp?)
Shiny lomatium (Lomatium lucidum)
Short-leaved cliff aster (Malacothrix saxatilis var. tenuifolia)
*Shortpod mustard (Hirshfeldia incana)
Short-winged deerweed (Acmispon glaber var. brevialatus)
Showy penstemon (Penstemon spectabilis) (SEEN ON TRAIL UP VAN TASSEL RIDGE)
Silver puffs (Uropappus lindleyi)
*Slender oats (Avena barbata)
*Smooth cat’s ear (Hypochaeris glabra)
Snakeroot (Sanicula arguta) (V)
*Sourclover (Melilotus indicus)
Southern california morning glory (Calystegia macrostegia var. arida)
Southern gilia (Saltugilia australis)
Southern honeysuckle (Lonicera subspicata var. denudata)
*Sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus)
*Spanish broom (Spartium junceum)
Spreading larkspur (Delphinium patens ssp. hepaticoideum)
Stickleaf (Mentzelia micrantha)
Stinging lupine (Lupinus hirsutissimus)
Strigose lotus (Acmispon strigosus)
Sugarbush (Rhus ovata)
*Tamarisk (ramosissima has been vouchered)
Tejon cryptantha (Cryptantha microstachys) (V)
Telegraph weed (Heterotheca grandiflora)
Thickleaf yerba santa (Eriodictyon crassifolium var. crassifolium)
*Thoroughwort (Ageratina adenophora)
Threadstem (Pterostegia drymarioides)
*Tocalote (Centaurea melitensis)
Tower mustard (Turritis glabra)
Toyon (Heteromeles arbutifolia)
*Tree of heaven (Ailanthus altissima)
*Tree tobacco (Nicotiana glauca)
Tufted poppy (Eschscholzia caespitosa)
Turkey pea (Sanicula tuberosa)
Two-tone everlasting (Pseudognaphalium biolettii)
Vasey’s prickly pear (Opuntia Xvaseyi)
Watercress (Nasturtium officinale)
Western sycamore (Platanus racemosa)
Western wallflower (Erysimum capitatum var. capitatum)
White alder (Alnus rhombifolia)
White hedge-nettle (Stachys albens)
White nightshade (Solanum douglaii)
White pincushion (Chaenactis artemisiifolia) (SEEN ON TRAIL UP VAN TASSEL RIDGE)
White sage (Salvia apiana)
*White sweetclover (Melilotus albus)
Wild cucumber (Marah macrocarpa)
Wild grape (Vitis girdiana) ?
Wild oxalis (Oxalis californica)
Wild peppergrass (Lepidium virginicum ssp. menziesii)
Wind poppy (Papaver heterophyllum)
*Windmill pink (Silene gallica)
Wishbone bush (Mirabilis laevis var. crassifolia)
Woodland star (Lithophragma affine) (V)
Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)
Yellow pincushion (Chaenactis glabriuscula var. glabriuscula)


Listed in alphabetic order by genus
(Names followed by V were vouchered May 18, 2000 by Scott White and Pam DeVries)
{Names followed by ? are uncertain id’s by me)

Acer macrophyllum (Bigleaf maple)
Achillea millefolium (Yarrow)
Acmispon glaber var. brevialatus (Short-winged deerweed)
Acmispon glaber var. glaber (Common deerweed)
Acmispon maritimus var. maritimus (Coastal lotus)
Acmispon strigosus (Strigose lotus)
Acourtia microcephala (Sacapellote)
Adenostoma fasciculatum var. fasciculatum (Chamise)
Adiantum capillus-veneris (Maidenhair fern)
Agave americana (American agave)*
Ageratina adenophora (Thoroughwort)*
Ailanthus altissima (Tree of heaven)*
Allium peninsulare var. peninsulare (Peninsular onion)
Alnus rhombifolia (White alder)
Anthriscus caucalis (Bur-chervil)*
Artemisia californica (California sagebrush)
Artemisia douglasiana (Mugwort)
Asclepias eriocarpa (Indian milkweed)
Aspidotis californica (California lace fern)
Avena barbata (Slender oats)*
Baccharis salicifolia (Mulefat)
Bidens pilosa (Common beggar-ticks)*
Bloomeria crocea var. crocea (Golden stars)
Bougainvillea sp. (Bougainvillea) (NEEDS CONFIRMATION)
Brickellia californica (California brickellbush)
Bromus diandrus (Ripgut brome)*
Bromus madritensis ssp. rubens (Red brome)* (?)
Calochortus albus (Fairy lantern)
Calochortus plummerae (Plummer’s mariposa lily)
Calystegia macrostegia var. arida (Southern california morning glory)
Cardamine californica (Milkmaids)
Cardamine oligosperma (Bittercress)
Carduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)*
Ceanothus oliganthus var. oliganthus (Hairy ceanothus)
Centaurea melitensis (Tocalote)*
Cercocarpus betuloides var. betuloides (Mountain mahogany)
Chaenactis artemisiifolia (White pincushion) (SEEN ON TRAIL UP VAN TASSEL RIDGE)
Chaenactis glabriuscula var. glabriuscula (Yellow pincushion)
Chamaesyce melanadenia (Red-gland spurge)
Chasmanthe floribunda (African cornflag)*
Cirsium occidentale var. californicum (California thistle)
Clarkia bottae (Farewell-to-spring)
Clarkia dudleyana (Dudley’s clarkia) (V)
Clarkia unguiculata (Elegant clarkia)
Claytonia perfoliata ssp. ? (Miner’s lettuce)
Clematis lasiantha (Pipestems)
Corethrogyne filaginifolia (California-aster)
Cotula australis (Australian brass-buttons)* (V)
Crassula ovata (Jade)*
Cryptantha intermedia (Large-flowered cryptantha)
Cryptantha microstachys (Tejon cryptantha) (V)
Cuscuta subinclusa (Canyon dodder)
Datura wrightii (Sacred datura)
Delairea odorata (Cape-ivy)*
Delphinium cardinale (Scarlet larkspur)
Delphinium patens ssp. hepaticoideum (Spreading larkspur)
Dichelostemma capitatum ssp. capitatum (Blue dicks)
Dryopteris arguta (Coastal wood fern)
Dudleya cymosa ssp. crebrifolia (San Gabriel river dudleya) (V)
Dudleya cymosa ssp. pumila (Low canyon dudleya)
Dudleya densiflora (San Gabriel mountains dudleya)
Dudleya lanceolata (Lanceleaf dudleya)
Encelia farinosa (Brittlebush)
Epilobium canum ssp. canum (Hoary fuchsia)
Eriastrum sapphirinum (Sapphire woolstar)
Eriodictyon crassifolium var. crassifolium (Thickleaf yerba santa)
Eriogonum elongatum var. elongatum (Longstem buckwheat)
Eriogonum fasciculatum var. foliolosum (Leafy buckwheat)
Eriophyllum confertiflorum  var. confertiflorum (Golden yarrow)
Erodium cicutarium (Redstem filaree)*
Erysimum capitatum var. capitatum (Western wallflower)
Eschscholzia caespitosa (Tufted poppy)
Eschscholzia californica (California poppy)
Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia var. chrysanthemifolia (Common eucrypta)
Eulobus californicus (Mustard evening primrose) [aka California suncup]
Euphorbia peplus (Petty spurge)*
Ficus carica (Edible fig)*
Frangula californica var. californica (Coffeeberry)
Fraxinus dipetala (California ash)
Funastrum cynanchoides var. hartwegii (Climbing milkweed)
Galium angustifolium (Narrow-leaved bedstraw)
Galium aparine (Annual bedstraw)*
Gilia capitata ssp. abrotanifolia (Globe gilia)
Helianthus anuus (Common sunflower)
Hesperoyucca whipplei (Chaparral yucca)
Heteromeles arbutifolia (Toyon)
Heterotheca grandiflora (Telegraph weed)
Hirshfeldia incana (Shortpod mustard)*
Hypochaeris glabra (Smooth cat’s ear)*
Hypochaeris radicata (Rough cat's ear)*
Keckiella cordifolia (Heartleaf penstemon)
Lactuca serriola (Prickly lettuce)*
Lamarckia aurea (Goldentop grass)*
Lathyrus vestitus var. vestitus (Canyon sweet pea)
Lepidium virginicum ssp. menziesii (Wild peppergrass)
Lilium humboldtii (Humboldt lily)
Lithophragma affine (Woodland star) (V)
Lithophragma bolanderi (Bolander’s woodland star)
Lomatium lucidum (Shiny lomatium)
Lonicera subspicata var. denudata (Southern honeysuckle)
Lupinus hirsutissimus (Stinging lupine)
Lupinus truncatus (Collar lupine)
Malacothamnus fasciculatus (Bush mallow)
Malacothrix saxatilis var. tenuifolia (Short-leaved cliff aster)
Malosma laurina (Laurel sumac)
Marah macrocarpa (Wild cucumber)
Medicago lupulina (Black medick)*
Melilotus albus (White sweetclover)*
Melilotus indicus (Sourclover)*
Mentzelia laevicaulis (Giant blazing star)
Mentzelia micrantha (Stickleaf)
Micranthes californicum (California saxifrage)
Mimulus aurantiacus var. pubescens (Hairy bush monkeyflower)
Mimulus aurantiacus var. ? (Bush or sticky monkeyflower)
Mimulus cardinalis (Scarlet monkeyflower)
Mimulus guttatus (Creek monkeyflower)
Mirabilis laevis var. crassifolia (Wishbone bush)
Nasturtium officinale (Watercress)
Nemophila menziesii var. menziesii (Baby blue eyes)
Nerium oleander (Oleander)*
Nicotiana glauca (Tree tobacco)*
Opuntia Xvaseyi (Vasey’s prickly pear)
Oxalis californica (Wild oxalis)
Oxalis pes-caprae (Bermuda buttercup)*
Papaver heterophyllum (Wind poppy)
Pellaea andromedifolia (Coffee fern)
Pennisetum setaceum (Fountain grass)*
Penstemon heterophyllus (Foothill penstemon)
Penstemon spectabilis (Showy penstemon) (SEEN ON TRAIL UP VAN TASSEL RIDGE)
Pentagramma triangularis ssp. triangularis (Goldback fern)
Phacelia cicutaria var. hispida (Caterpillar phacelia)
Phacelia grandiflora (Large-flowered phacelia)
Phacelia longipes (Longstalk phacelia)
Phacelia minor (Canterbury bells)
Phacelia ramosissima (Branching phacelia)
Platanus racemosa (Western sycamore)
Polypodium californicum (California polypody)
Prunus ilicifolia ssp. ilicifolia (Hollyleaf cherry)
Pseudognaphalium biolettii (Two-tone everlasting)
Pseudognaphalium californicum (California everlasting)
Pseudognaphalium microcephalum (Feltleaf everlasting)
Pseudotsuga macrocarpa (Bigcone spruce)
Pteris vittata (Ladder brake)*
Pterostegia drymarioides (Threadstem)
Quercus agrifolia var. agrifolia (Coast live oak)
Quercus chrysolepis (Canyon live oak)
Quercus sp? (Scrub oak)
Rafinesquia californica (California chicory)
Rhamnus ilicifolia (Hollyleaf redberry)
Rhus integrifolia (Lemonadeberry)
Rhus ovata (Sugarbush)
Ribes californicum var. hesperium (Hillside gooseberry)
Ribes malvaceum var. viridifolium (Chaparral currant)
Ricinus communis (Castor bean)*
Romneya coulteri (Matilija poppy)
Rubus armeniacus (Himalaya-berry)*
Salix gooddingii (Goodding’s black willow)
Saltugilia australis (Southern gilia)
Salvia apiana (White sage)
Salvia mellifera (Black sage)
Sambucus nigra ssp. caerulea (Mexican elderberry)
Sanicula arguta (Snakeroot) (V)
Sanicula tuberosa (Turkey pea)
Schinus molle (Peruvian pepper)*
Selaginella bigelovii (Bigelow’s spike-moss)
Senecio vulgaris (Common groundsel)*
Silene gallica (Windmill pink)*
Silene laciniata ssp. laciniata (Mexican pink)
Sisymbrium officinale (Hedge mustard)*
Sisymbrium orientale (Oriental mustard)*
Solanum douglaii (White nightshade)
Solanum xanti (Purple nightshade)
Solidago velutina ssp. californica (California goldenrod) (~)
Sonchus oleraceus (Sow thistle)*
Spartium junceum (Spanish broom)*
Stachys albens (White hedge-nettle)
Stellaria media (Chickweed)*
Stephanomeria cichoriacea (Chicory-leaved stephanomeria)
Stipa coronata (Giant stipa)
Tamarix ramosissima (Salt cedar)* (V)
Thysanocarpus curvipes (Fringe-pod)
Torilis arvensis (Field hedge parsley)*
Toxicodendron diversilobum (Poison oak)
Turritis glabra (Tower mustard)
Umbellaria californica (California bay)
Uropappus lindleyi (Silver puffs)
Vinca major (Periwinkle)*
Vitis girdiana (Wild grape) ?
Yucca sp. (Ornamental yucca)