California hedge-nettle, sometimes called wood
mint, is a common slender annual with an erect square stem that rises
from a procumbent base to a height of 2-1/2'. The hairs on the
angles of the stem are stiff and reflexed, those on the sides are soft
and glandular. The flowers appear in separate whorls with six
flowers in each whorl. The corolla is 1/2" long, two-lipped
with the lower twice as long as the upper, and pink to light-purplish
with 4 exserted stamens. The calyx is hairy and 5-toothed, the
teeth triangular and spine-tipped. The leaves of this hedge nettle
are ovate to oblong-ovate to 7" long and opposite with scalloped
edges and a subcordate base. This species inhabits moist to dryish
slopes and partially-shaded canyons to 4000' (mostly below 1500') in
chaparral and coastal sage scrub from Orange Co. north, and blooms from
April to September. California hedge nettle is not one of the
stinging nettles and has a pleasant lemon scent when rubbed.
Click here for Latin name derivations: 1) Stachys 2) bullata.
Pronunciation: STAY-kis bull-AY-ta.
Click here for Botanical